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Pharmacy-based immunization services have increased influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations by millions since immunizations became more commonplace in the community pharmacy setting according to the Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. The Southern Wisconsin Immunization Consortium is collaborating with the Pharmacy Society of Wisconsin on a grant from the Medical School of Wisconsin to expand pharmacist’s role in accessing immunizations.

Pharmacists who are interested in immunizations can find additional information from the Immunization Action Coalition and the American Pharmacists Association’s Immunization Center.


Dentists may have difficulty billing for vaccines due to payment limitations.  Dentists can advise patients on the human papillomavirus vaccine and how it may relates to oropharyngeal cancers. Dentists should be able to refer patients to a vaccine provider (at minimum the patient’s primary care physician) for direct immunization services. Dentists have unique challenges, and they also present a unique opportunity for reaching the adolescent population recommended to receive these vaccines.

The Oral Cancer Foundation has several resources on screening, research and understanding.

Dentists can consider playing the OCF podcast in their waiting rooms to help patients understand the burden of oral cancers.

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Obstetricians play a key role in preventing illness, namely pertussis, for newborns. Pregnant women pass on their antibodies to children too young to be vaccinated. The Wisconsin Immunization Program tracks the percentage of pregnant women immunized each year. During 2015, data from the Wisconsin Immunization Registry (WIR) shows 71% of women received a pertussis containing vaccine during their pregnancy. Women with inadequate prenatal care, Medicaid – insured, black, and Native American women had the lowest Tdap vaccination rates. For the full report click here.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) released a their committee opinion “Integrating Immunizations into Practice” number 661 in April 2016, Immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases is an essential component of women’s primary and preventive health care. Despite the importance of vaccination and clear guidance from public health agencies, rates of vaccination lag behind national goals. Obstetrician–gynecologists can play a major role in reducing morbidity and mortality from a range of vaccine-preventable diseases, including pertussis, influenza, human papillomavirus, and hepatitis. Given demonstrated vaccine efficacy and safety, and the large potential for prevention of many infectious diseases that affect adults, pregnant women, and newborns, obstetrician–gynecologists should include immunizations as an integral part of their practice. To do so, they must embrace their role as important sources of information and advice on immunization for adults, adolescents, and pregnant women, and advance their patients’ well-being with continued efforts to augment immunization services in their offices. Increasing awareness combined with the many suggestions in this document will work to enhance immunization uptake.”

Clinicians can access the full ACOG opinion here. ACOG has several useful resources on coding, billing, and schedules accessible here.

Community Health Workers

School Nurses


Survival rates of HPV-related head and neck cancer